Pulse Secure Client 9.0R1 and 5.3RX before 5.3R5, when configured to authenticate VPN users during Windows Logon, can allow attackers to bypass Windows authentication and execute commands on the system with the privileges of Pulse Secure Client. The attacker must interrupt the client's network connectivity, and trigger a connection to a crafted proxy server with an invalid SSL certificate that allows certification-manager access, leading to the ability to browse local files and execute local programs.
The system.temporary route in Drupal 8.x before 8.1.10 does not properly check for "Export configuration" permission, which allows remote authenticated users to bypass intended access restrictions and read a full config export via unspecified vectors.
The _checkPolkitPrivilege function in serviceHelper.py in Back In Time (aka backintime) 1.1.18 and earlier uses a deprecated polkit authorization method (unix-process) that is subject to a race condition (time of check, time of use). With this authorization method, the owner of a process requesting a polkit operation is checked by polkitd via /proc//status, by which time the requesting process may have been replaced by a different process with the same PID that has different privileges then the original…
SDL (Simple DirectMedia Layer) through 1.2.15 and 2.x through 2.0.9 has a buffer over-read in IMA_ADPCM_nibble in audio/SDL_wave.c.